What rules are there for working from home and what are the responsibilities of the employee and employer?
1. Is there a right to work from home?
As an employee you can submit a request to work from home. This is possible after 6 months of employment (or you made agreements about it when you started working). It can also be arranged in your collective labor agreement. But as an employee you cannot force working from home, but the employer must 'seriously consider' a request. The employee may request an adjustment once a year. Does the employer not respond, or is it too late? Then he silently agrees.
2. Can an employer reject a request to work from home?
A rejection does not have to be based on compelling business interests. General and broad grounds for rejection are sufficient. For example, that it does not match the nature of the work, the development of the company or a certain department. These compelling interests do play a major role in the other types of requests. For example, adjustment of working hours from 40 to 32 hours. Then as an employer you need a compelling interest to reject that request.
3. What are the employer's obligations when working from home and to what extent is an employer liable?
"We previously indicated that if you work at home for more than 2 hours a day, you can be called a "home worker". The start of working from home, during Corona, could still be seen as occasional home working. Now we can do that as something more I believe that if you have an employee working from home for 3 months, you should also observe the rules. That is also in your own interest as an employer because if an employee does not use the right materials for a longer period of time, There is also a risk of dropout and therefore a greater chance of disability," says Niki van Mook - employment and corporate law lawyer. "The employer can check whether the home workplace is in order, with an occupational health expert or on the basis of photos and film material."
The employer has a duty of care. If the working conditions are not always safe or ergonomic, there is a risk of a fine from the inspectorate. In addition, the employer is obliged to give proper instructions with regard to the risks of VDU work.
4. What are the obligations for the employee when working from home?
5. Recording appointments
- The employee must adhere to reasonable instructions from the employer, just like at a normal workplace (6:770 Dutch Civil Code employer's right of instruction). Also applies to the instruction to work from home.
- Employee must follow specific occupational health and safety instructions. And to use the resources made available.
- The employee must behave as a good employee. Think of working hours, productivity, guaranteeing confidentiality, accessibility, etc.
You and your employee agree that you may work from home. How do you record these agreements?
Home work agreement on an individual level with the employee;
Working from home scheme collectively, can also be part of the personnel scheme.
- Pay attention to OR's right of consent;
- Privacy legislation: tightened by GDPR
It is important that you make agreements with your employee regarding data protection and to prevent data leaks (such as storing mobile devices, leaving documents visible for visitors, etc.).
7. Can a right to work from home arise after some time?
All in all, it is not easy for an employee to force him to work from home. On the other hand, the employer can and may instruct that, for example, 1 working day at home will be mandatory. In March, during the Corona outbreak, working from home was imposed. The employer also determines when working from home will end. There are now voices that there is a desire to enshrine working from home in the law.